Two new papers from lead author Andrew Gerard address current issues in Rwanda that are representative of the complexities faced in coffee supply chains across the world. Exporter business approaches and government regulations on the local market for cherry are long-standing challenges for coffee buyers to understand. These papers give a helpful, objective review through an academic lens and offer new perspectives on Rwanda's situation specifically.
- For CWSs that did not credit zoning or requests from government for their decisions to provide second payments, the primary reason for providing them was wanting to motivate farmers to invest in their coffee. Additional farmer investment would allow for greater productivity and more coffee for CWSs, which is helpful because they cannot purchase coffee from outside of their zones. Other reasons for providing second payments included profit sharing being an obligation of cooperatives and provision of second payments being expected in their region.